Algebra - What is Algebra? Basics, definition, examples (2023)

Algebra is the branch of mathematics that helps to represent problems or situations in terms of mathematical expressions. It includes variables like x, y, z and math operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division to form a meaningful math expression. All branches of mathematics, such as trigonometry, calculus, and coordinate geometry, involve the use of algebra. A simple example of an expression in algebra is 2x + 4 = 8.

Algebra deals with symbols and these symbols are related to each other by operators. It is not just a mathematical concept, but a skill that we all use in our daily lives without even realizing it. Understanding algebra as a concept is more important than solving equations and finding the correct answer, as it is useful in any other math subject you will learn in the future or have already learned in the past.

1.What is algebra?
2.branches of algebra
3.algebra topics
4.algebra formulas
5.algebraic operations
6.Basic rules and properties of algebra.
7.Algebra FAQ

What is algebra?

Algebra is a branch of mathematics that deals with symbols and arithmetic operations on those symbols. These symbols do not have fixed values ​​and are calledVariables.In our real problems we often see certain values ​​that are constantly changing. But there is a constant need to represent these changing values. Here in algebra, these values ​​are often represented by symbols like x, y, z, p, or q, and these symbols are called variables. Furthermore, these symbols are manipulated by various arithmetic operations.additive, subtraction,multiplicationand division, with the goal of finding the values.

Algebra - What is Algebra? Basics, definition, examples (1)

The above algebraic expressions consist of variables, operators, and constants. Here, the numbers 4 and 28 are constants, x is the variable, and the arithmetic operation of addition is performed.

branches of algebra

The complexity of algebra is simplified by the use of numerous algebraic expressions. Based on the usage and complexity of the expressions, algebra can be divided into different branches which are listed below:

  • prealgebra
  • elementary algebra
  • abstract algebra
  • universal algebra


The basic ways of representing unknown values ​​as variables help create mathematical expressions. Helps transform real world problems into aalgebraic expressionin mathematics. Forming a mathematical expression of the given problem is part of pre-algebra.

elementary algebra

Elementary algebra is concerned with solving algebraic expressions to get a useful answer. In elementary algebra, simple variables like x, y are represented in equation form. Depending on the degree of the variable, the equations are called linear equations, quadratic equations, polynomials.Linear equationsthey have the form ax + b = c, ax + by + c = 0, ax + by + cz + d = 0. Elementary algebra based on the degree of variable branches in quadratic equations and polynomials. A general form of representation of a quadratic equation is ax2+ bx + c = 0, and for a polynomial equation is axnorte+ bxn-1+ CXn-2+ ..... k = 0.

abstract algebra

Abstract algebra deals with the use of abstract concepts like groups, rings, vectors instead of simple mathematical number systems. Rings are a simple level of abstraction found by writing the properties of addition and multiplication together. Group theory and ring theory are two important concepts in abstract algebra. Abstract algebra has numerous applications in computing, physics, astronomy, and uses vector spaces to represent quantities.

universal algebra

All other mathematical forms that use trigonometry,calculation,coordinate geometrywith algebraic expressions can be considered as universal algebra. In all these subjects, universal algebra studies mathematical expressions and does not involve the study of algebra models. All other branches of algebra can be considered a subset of universal algebra. Any of the real problems can be classified in one of the branches of mathematics and solved by means of abstract algebra.

algebra topics

Algebra is divided into numerous topics that are useful for detailed study. Here we have listed some important algebra topics such as algebraic expressions and equations,sequence and series, exponents, logarithm and quantities.

Algebraic expressions

An algebraic expression in algebra is formed withwholeConstants, variables and basic arithmetic operations of addition (+),Subtraction(-), multiplication (×) andclassification(/). An example of an algebraic expression is 5x + 6. Here 5 and 6 are fixed numbers and x is a variable. Also, variables can be simple variables using letters like x, y, z or have complex variables like x2, X3, Xnorte, xy, x2and etc Algebraic expressions are also known as polynomials. Apolynomialis an expression consisting of variables (also called indeterminate), coefficients, and nonnegative integer exponents of variables. Example: 5x3+ 4x2+ 7x + 2 = 0.

Algebra - What is Algebra? Basics, definition, examples (2)

An equation is a mathematical statement with an equals sign between two algebraic expressions that have equal values. Below are the different types of equations depending on the degree of the variable where we apply the concept of algebra:

  • Linear equations:Linear equations help represent the relationship between variables such as x, y, z, and are expressed in exponents of one degree. In these linear equations we use algebra, starting with the basics like adding and subtracting algebraic expressions.
  • Quadratic equations: Aquadratic equationcan be written in standard form as ax2+ bx + c = 0, where a, b, c are constants and x is the variable. The values ​​of x that satisfy the equation are called solutions of the equation, and a quadratic equation has at most two solutions.
  • cubic equations:Algebraic equations with variables to the power of 3 are called cubic equations. A generalized form of a cubic equation is ax3+ bx2+ cx + d = 0. A cubic equation has numerous applications in analysis and three-dimensional geometry (3D geometry).

sequence and series

A series of numbers that have a relationship between the numbers is called a sequence. A sequence is a set of numbers with a common mathematical relationship between the numbers, and a series is the sum of the terms of a sequence. In mathematics we have two main sequences and series of numbers in the form of arithmetic progression and geometric progression. Some of these series are finite and some series are infinite. The two series are also called arithmetic progression and geometric progression and can be represented as follows.

  • Arithmetic progression:InArithmetic Progression (AP)is a special type of progression in which the difference between two consecutive terms is always a constant. The terms of an arithmetic progression series are a, a+d, a + 2d, a + 3d, a + 4d, a + 5d, .....
  • geometric progression:Any progression in which the proportion of adjacent terms is fixed is ageometric progression. The general form of representation of a geometric sequence is a, ar, ar2, ar3, ar4, ar5, .....


The exponent is a mathematical operation written asnorte. Here is the expressionnortecontains two numbers, the base 'a' and the exponent or power 'n'.exponentsThey are used to simplify algebraic expressions. In this section we will learn in detail exponents such as squares, cubes,Quadratwurzel, ykubikwurzel. The names are based on the powers of these exponents. The exponents can be represented in the form anorte= a × a × a × ... n mal.


The logarithm is the inverse of the exponents in algebra.logarithmsthey are a convenient way to simplify large algebraic expressions. The exponential form represented asX= n can be transformed to logarithmic form as log\(_a\)n = x. John Napier discovered the concept of logarithms in 1614. Logarithms have become an integral part of modern mathematics today.


ATo adjustis a well-defined collection of distinct objects and is used to represent algebraic variables. The purpose of using sets is to represent the collection of relevant objects in a group. Example: Set A = {2, 4, 6, 8}..........(A set of even numbers), Set B = {a, e, i, o, u}.... ..(A set of vowels).

algebraic formulas

Inalgebraic identityis an equation that is always true regardless of the values ​​assigned to the variables. Identity means that the left side of the equation is identical to the right side for all values ​​of the variable. These formulas include squares and cubes of algebraic expressions and help solve algebraic expressions in a few quick steps. Commonly used algebraic formulas are listed below.

  • (a + b)2= and2+ 2ab + b2
  • (ab)2= and2- 2ab + b2
  • (a + b)(a - b) = a2- b2
  • (a+b+c)2= and2+ second2+c2+ 2ab + 2bc + 2ca
  • (a + b)3= and3+ 3a2b + 3ab2+ second3
  • (ab)3= and3- 3a2b + 3ab2- b3

Let's see the application of these formulas in algebra with the following example:

Example: With the (a + b)2Formula in algebra, find the value of (101)2.


Given: (101)2= (100 + 1)2
Using the algebra formula (a + b)2= and2+ 2ab + b2, we have,
(100 + 1)2= (100)2+ 2(1)(100) + (1)2
(101)2= 10201

You can find more formulas on the page ofalgebraic formulas, which contains the formulas for developing algebraic expressions, exponents, and logarithmic formulas.

algebraic operations

The basic arithmetic operations of algebra are addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

  • Addition: The addition operation in algebra separates two or more expressions with a plus sign (+).
  • Subtraction: The operation of subtraction in algebra separates two or more expressions with a minus sign (-) between them.
  • Multiplication: For the multiplication operation in algebra, two or more expressions are separated by a multiplication sign (×) between them.
  • Division: The division operation in algebra separates two or more expressions with a "/" character between them.

Basic rules and properties of algebra.

The basic rules or properties of algebra for variables, algebraic expressions or real numbers a, b and c are the following:

  • commutative lawder Suma: a + b = b + a
  • commutative law of multiplication: a × second = second × a
  • Associative Property of Addition: a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c
  • Associative Property of Multiplication: un × (b × c) = (a × b) × c
  • distribution property: a × (b + c) = (a × b) + (a × c), o a × (b – c) = (a × b) – (a × c)
  • Mutual: reciprocal of a = 1/a
  • Additive Identity Property: one + 0 = 0 + one = one
  • Multiplicative Identity Property: one × 1 = 1 × one = one
  • additive investment: a + (-a) = 0

Related topics:

  • algebra 1
  • Adding algebraic expressions
  • Subtraction of algebraic expressions
  • Multiplication of algebraic expressions
  • Division of algebraic expressions

Algebra FAQ

What is algebra?

AlgebraIt is the branch of mathematics that represents problems in the form of mathematical expressions. It includes variables like x, y, z and math operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division to form a meaningful math expression.

How many types of algebra are there?

The different types of algebra are elementary algebra, abstract algebra,Linear algebra, Boolean algebra and universal algebra. These are named after the problem that we can solve using algebra.

What is abstract algebra?

In algebra, which is a broad branch of mathematics, abstract algebra or modern algebra is the study of algebraic structures, including groups, rings, fields, modules, vector spaces, lattices, and algebras.

What is the highest level of algebra?

The higher level of algebra includes complex mathematical topics of analysis,Trigonometry, three-dimensional geometry, just to name a few. Here algebra is used to represent complex problems and get the solutions to those problems.

What are the fundamentals of algebra?

The basics of algebra includecounting, Variables, constants, expressions, equations, linear equations, quadratic equations. In addition, it includes the basic arithmetic operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division within algebraic expressions.

What are the four basic rules of algebra?

The four basic rules of algebra are the commutative addition rule, the commutative multiplication rule, the associative addition rule, and the associative multiplication rule. Commutative Addition Rule: a + b = b + a, Commutative Multiplication Rule: a × b = b × a, Associative Addition Rule: a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c, Associative multiplication rule: a × (b × c) = (a × b) × c.

What is the fundamental theorem of algebra?

The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra states that an algebraic expression of n degree has n roots. An algebraic expression of the form f(x) = xnortehas n roots as answers.

What is the easiest way to learn algebra?

The easiest way to learn algebra is to know the three fundamentals of problem formulation and solving. First, the problem must be presented in the form of a solvable equation. Second, manipulating the values ​​by hovering the numbers over the equals sign should be easy to do. Third, arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division must be performed competently.

How is algebra used in everyday life?

Algebra helps to find the values ​​of unknown quantities in our daily life. The unknowns are represented as variables x,y in the form of an equation. In addition, equations involving arithmetic operations are solved to find the values ​​of these variables. Quantities like speed, time, distance, coins can be represented as variables in algebra.

How is simple algebra solved?

Solving algebraic expressions involves three simple steps. First, identify and group the variables of the same type, second, transform the variable on the one hand and the constants on the other. Then put all the variables of a similar type on one page. Finally, perform the necessary arithmetic operations.

What are the basic operations in algebra?

The four basic operations in algebra are addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Different operators (+, -, ×, /) are used to separate different terms to perform these operations between the operands.

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